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State ex rel. C.R.C. v. State

Court of Appeals of Utah

September 19, 2019

State of Utah, in the interest of C.R.C., a person under eighteen years of age.
State of Utah, Appellee. S.C. and D.C., Appellants,

          Eighth District Juvenile Court, Vernal Department The Honorable Ryan B. Evershed No. 1142757.

          Emily Adams and Jeffry K. Ross, Attorneys for Appellant S.C.

          A. Erin Bradley, Attorney for Appellant D.C.

          Sean D. Reyes, Carol L.C. Verdoia, and John M. Peterson, Attorneys for Appellee

          Martha Pierce, Guardian ad Litem.

          Judge Kate Appleby authored this Opinion, in which Judges Ryan M. Harris and Diana Hagen concurred.

          APPLEBY, Judge:

         ¶1 S.C. (Mother) and D.C. (Father) (collectively, Parents) appeal the juvenile court's termination of their parental rights as to C.R.C. (Child).[1] Mother argues that insufficient evidence supported the juvenile court's determination that grounds existed to terminate her rights. Parents also argue that terminating their rights is not in Child's best interest. We affirm.


         ¶2 In early 2017, police discovered that Father had downloaded hundreds of photographs and videos of child pornography. Many of the images involved children as young as newborns and toddlers. Father admitted to downloading the images and was arrested. He has been incarcerated since. Police informed Mother of the allegations against Father and warned her that Child, who was born shortly after Father's arrest, was not safe around him. Mother was advised to seek a protective order for Child against Father, but she never sought one. Police eventually obtained an ex parte protective order on Child's behalf. The protective order prohibited Father from having contact with Child unless the visit was supervised by the Division of Child and Family Services (DCFS). Despite this court order, Mother took Child to the prison to see Father. This incident was reported to DCFS and Mother was reminded not to allow contact between Child and Father.

         ¶3 In March 2017, Father was temporarily released from jail to obtain a psychosexual evaluation. Mother asked if Father could see Child during his release, but DCFS again instructed her not to allow contact between them. Mother ignored these instructions and allowed Father to spend "unfettered and unsupervised" time with Child. Mother told DCFS she permitted the contact because Father was not a risk to Child. After this incident came to light, DCFS removed Child from Mother's custody and Child was placed in foster care.

         ¶4 While Child was in foster care, Mother was required to complete a reunification plan (Plan), which included, among other things, (1) establishing safe and stable housing for herself and Child, (2) maintaining contact with her caseworker so she could have parent time with Child, (3) completing a parental fitness evaluation, (4) completing a parenting class and working with a "peer parent, " and (5) complying with the no-contact order by preventing Father from contacting Child.

         ¶5 In accordance with the Plan, Mother sought a parental fitness evaluation. But the juvenile court concluded that she was unable to complete it because she "could not understand many of the questions, even when they were read to her" and that the "evaluation raised many concerns regarding Mother's ability to adequately parent" Child. The evaluation report concluded that Mother has an intelligence quotient "in the extremely low range of intellectual classification" and that Mother has an overall intellectual capacity of a ten- or eleven-year-old child. But the court noted that Mother improved her housework and parenting skills after attending behavioral therapy. Overall, the court concluded that Mother could not be a successful parent without "maintaining firm boundaries and obtaining a support system."

         ¶6 Mother attempted to obtain an adequate support system. First, she identified her own mother (Grandmother) as a potential supervisor. Grandmother participated in a parental fitness evaluation, but this demonstrated that she, too, suffered from serious intellectual deficiencies. The court found that Grandmother and Mother frequently undermined each other and that Grandmother had a boyfriend who could not pass a background check. The court concluded that Grandmother was an inappropriate supervisor for Mother and Child. Next, Mother identified her father (Grandfather) as a potential supervisor. Grandfather resided in Colorado and therefore was not an option as a long-term supervisor. Finally, Mother identified a friend (Friend) as a potential supervisor. Friend agreed to supervise Mother's parent-time ...

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