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Parker v. Bourdon

United States District Court, D. Utah, Central Division

October 24, 2018

FRANK PARKER, Plaintiff,
v.
KRISTIE BOURDON, et. al., Defendants.

          Ted Stewart, District Judge

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          Dustin B. Pead, United States Magistrate Judge

         INTRODUCTION

         On September 4, 2018, the court granted Petitioner's motion to proceed in forma pauperis. (ECF No. 2.) On the same day, Plaintiff filed both a complaint and an amended complaint, which only added a jury demand. (ECF Nos. 3, 7.) This matter was referred to Magistrate Judge Pead under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B). (ECF No. 9.) Currently pending before the court are Plaintiff's motions to appoint counsel, effect service of process, toll the statute of limitations, amend the amended complaint to attach an exhibit, and allow participation in the courts' electronic noticing registration. (ECF Nos. 4-6, 10-11.) The court addresses all of the pending motions in this Report and Recommendation with the exception of Plaintiff's motion for electronic noticing registration, which will be addressed in a separate ruling.

         ANALYSIS

         I. Screening Plaintiff's Amended Complaint under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)

         A court must dismiss a complaint filed by a plaintiff proceeding in forma pauperis if the complaint fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2); Buchheit v. Green, 705 F.3d 1157, 1160-61 (10th Cir. 2012). When deciding whether to dismiss, a court accepts the allegations in the complaint “as true and construe[s] those allegations, and any reasonable inferences that might be drawn from them” in a plaintiff's favor. Gaines v. Stenseng, 292 F.3d 1222, 1224 (10th Cir. 2002). “Nevertheless, conclusory allegations without supporting factual averments are insufficient to state a claim on which relief can be based.” Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). While a pro se complaint must be construed liberally, a court should avoid acting as an advocate for a pro se litigant. Id.

         Furthermore, in order to state a proper claim Fed.R.Civ.P. 8 requires that a pleading contain “a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2); see also DUCivR 3-5 (the complaint “should state the basis for the court's jurisdiction, the basis for the plaintiff's claim or cause for action, and the demand for relief”). The requirements of Rule 8(a) are further reinforced under rule 8(d)(1), which provides that “[e]ach allegation must be simple, concise, and direct.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(d)(1).

         As explained by the Tenth Circuit, compliance with Fed.R.Civ.P. 8 requires that a pleading “explain what each defendant did to him or her; when the defendant did it; how the defendant's action harmed him or her; and, what specific legal right the plaintiff believes the defendant violated.” Nasious v. Two Unknown B.I.C.E. Agents, 492 F.3d 1158, 1163 (10th Cir. 2007). These requirements are designed to provide the opposing party with fair notice of the claims against it and allow the court to conclude that, if proven, the allegations show that plaintiff is entitled to relief. See Monument Builders of Greater Kansas City, Inc. v. American Cemetery Assn. of Kansas, 891 F.2d 1473, 1480 (10th Cir. 1989) citing Perington Wholesale Inc. v. Burger King Corp., 631 F.2d 1369, 1371 (10th Cir. 1979); see also Nasious at 1163 (10th Cir. 2007) (a plain statement under rule 8 provides a Defendant with “sufficient notice to begin preparing its defense and the court sufficient clarity to adjudicate the merits.”)

         Plaintiff has filed a thirty-two (32) page amended complaint alleging Kristie Bourdon, Adult Probation and Parole, Dave Franchino, the Utah Board of Pardons and Parole, John Does 1-4, unknown employees with the Department of Corrections, Sean Reyes, as Attorney General for the State of Utah, and Curtis Garner, the Utah Board of Pardons and Parole, violated numerous Constitutional rights and various federal codes. Out of the 32-pages, Plaintiff writes at length in a confused way about how he was unlawfully required to register as a sex offender on Utah's Sex Offender Registry.

         Plaintiff, however, fails to provide information about his convictions in the body of his amended complaint. This failure prevents Plaintiff from showing whether, given the nature of his convictions, Defendants unlawfully imposed further sex registration requirements on him, thereby entitling him to legal relief. See Assoc. Gen. Contractors of Cal. v. Cal. State Council of Carpenters, 459 U.S. 519, 526 (1983). Additionally, while over the span of approximately sixteen (16) pages Plaintiff describes his run in with Defendants about the sex offender registration issue, he fails to include, with any form of clarity, the approximate month and year in which these encounters occurred. Without these details, the court is unable to properly evaluate any statute of limitation issues that may be present in this case.

         Separately, Plaintiff filed his amended complaint on September 4, 2018, and failed to include the exhibits that were attached to the originally complaint. Yet, on September 10, 2018, Plaintiff filed a motion for leave to amend the amended complaint asking to attach exhibit 4. “An amended complaint supersedes the original complaint, rendering it of no legal effect and waiving all causes of action alleged in the original complaint but not alleged or incorporated into the amended complaint.” See Mondragon v. Camping, 2013 WL 5609348, fn 1 (D. Colo. 2013) (citing Kelley v. Crosfield Catalysts, 135 F.3d 1202, 1204-05 (7th Cir. 1998) (holding in deciding to dismiss an amended complaint, a court could not rely on factual allegations made in original complaint but not repeated or incorporated into amended one.”)). If Plaintiff's exhibits are to be incorporated into a second amended complaint, then he will need to attach them thereto. Otherwise, the court is unable to rely on those exhibits in support of any factual allegations.

         Accordingly, to remedy the aforementioned inadequacies, this court RECOMMENDS the District Judge ORDER Plaintiff to file a second amended complaint as addressed below.

         II. Plaintiff's motion ...


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