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Donaldson v. Stoker

United States District Court, D. Utah, Central Division

February 20, 2018

COREY ALLAN DONALDSON, Plaintiff,
v.
SGT. SHAWN STOKER, CLINTON CITY, UTAH, KEVIN LEE DAY Defendants.

          MEMORANDUM DECISION & ORDER TO DISMISS AMENDED COMPLAINT

          CLARK WADDOUPS United States District Judge.

         INTRODUCTION

         This matter is before the court sua sponte under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B) on the 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Amended Complaint (ECF No. 22) that Plaintiff Corey Allan Donaldson (Mr. Donaldson) filed.

         Due to deficiencies in the original Complaint (ECF No. 4), the court issued an order (ECF No. 20) instructing Mr. Donaldson to file an Amended Complaint. (ECF No. 22.) After filing the Amended Complaint, Mr. Donaldson filed an Affidavit (ECF No. 24) and eight exhibits. (ECF Nos. 24-1-24-8.) After reviewing all relevant materials, the court finds that Mr. Donaldson's Amended Complaint (ECF No. 22) is frivolous under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i) and DISMISSES it with prejudice.

         RELEVANT FACTS

         Sometime in August or September of 2012, Kevin Day (Day) lent his truck to Mr. Donaldson. (ECF Nos. 24-1; 24-3 at 2.) “On or about December 31, 2012, ” Mr. Donaldson robbed a bank in Jackson, Wyoming. (ECF. No. 24-8 at 1.) Mr. Donaldson used the truck during this robbery. (See ECF No. 24-3 at 2.)

         On January 17, 2013, the Syracuse Police telephoned Day. (ECF No. 24-8 at 1.) Day told the Syracuse Police that he had loaned the truck to Mr. Donaldson. (ECF No. 24-8 at 1.) On January 18, 2013, the Syracuse Police met Day in person. (ECF No. 24-3 at 2). Day told the Syracuse Police that Mr. Donaldson never returned the truck, and had threatened Day to not report the truck stolen. (ECF No. 24-3 at 2.) Later that day, Clinton City Police Sergeant Stoker (Stoker) visited Day at his residence. (ECF No. 24-3 at 2.) Day gave Stoker emails that Mr. Donaldson had written to Day. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 2.) The emails indicated that Mr. Donaldson had no intention of returning the truck to Day. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 2.) Additionally, the emails insinuated threats to Day's family. (ECF No. 24-3 at 2). And the emails instructed Day to not report the truck stolen. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 2.)

         On January 22, 2013, Stoker interviewed Mr. Donaldson in person. Mr. Donaldson told Stoker that Day had lent him the truck. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 4.) He also told Stoker that he had “retained possession of the vehicle until approximately three weeks ago.” (ECF NO. 24-3 at 24.) Additionally, he told Stoker that he had left the truck in a parking garage in Sacramento, California. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 4.) Mr. Donaldson admitted to having asked Day to not report the truck stolen, but denied doing anything that would cause Day to feel threatened. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 4.) Mr. Donaldson also told Stoker that he had left $8, 000 under Day's door mat, and had left a voicemail for Day informing him that the money was for the truck. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 4; ECF NO. 24-8 at 5.)

         On January 23, 2013, Stoker again interviewed Day. Day maintained that Mr. Donaldson “was not welcome to be in possession of” his truck. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 5.) And Day told Stoker that “there was no agreement or arrangement . . . made between [Mr. Donaldson and Day] to the contrary.” (ECF NO. 24-3 at 5.) Day also maintained that he felt threatened and feared for his safety and the safety of his family. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 5.) Stoker mentioned to Day that Mr. Donaldson had claimed he had “left a large sum of money from the bank robbery under” Day's doormat for the truck. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 5.) The interview ended because Day said he had to pick up his children. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 5.)

         The next day, on January 24, 2013, Day's attorney contacted Stoker. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 5.) The attorney told Stoker that Day had found $8, 000 under his doormat. (ECF NO. 24-3 at 5.) But the attorney told Stoker that Day did not know “where or who the money was from.” (ECF NO. 24-3 at 5.) Additionally, the attorney told Stoker that Day “was not contacted by Mr. Donaldson about the money.” (ECF NO. 24-3 at 5.) The attorney also told Stoker that Day was “interested in pursuing criminal charges regarding the vehicle.” (ECF NO. 24-3 at 5.)

         On February 14, 2013, Stoker executed a Declaration for Warrant of Arrest. In this Declaration, he provided the following:

[i]n September 2012, [Day] lent his truck to [Mr. Donaldson.] [Mr. Donaldson] refused to return the [truck] and threatened [Day] to not report it stolen. After several months, [Mr. Donaldson] was apprehended and admitted that he took the [truck], did not return it, and left it in a parking garage in California.

(ECF NO. 24-1.) The state court appears to have issued an arrest warrant on February 15, 2013. (See ECF NO. 24-6.)

         On April 30, 2013, at Mr. Donaldson's bank robbery trial, Day provided testimony that contradicted what he had previously told Stoker (through his attorney) on January 24, 2013. Day testified that he had received two voicemails from Mr. Donaldson near New Year's Eve of 2012. (ECF NO. 24-4 at 5.) Day admitted that Mr. Donaldson's first voicemail instructed Day to “check under [his] mat” because “there was something under there to take care of the truck.” (ECF NO. 24-4 at 5.) Day testified that Mr. Donaldson's second voicemail informed him that the money under the doormat was not from Mr. Donaldson. (ECF NO. 24-at 5.) But Day's testimony also confirmed what Day had previously told Stoker about being scared of Mr. Donaldson. (ECF NO. 24-8 at 7.) (When Mr. Donaldson asked Day “you mentioned when you spoke to Todd that you were frightened when I arrived at your house, ” Day replied “yes.”)

         Mr. Donaldson was found guilty of bank robbery and sentenced. Mr. Donaldson alleges that while he was in federal custody, the Utah state court issued an order to law enforcement directing them to transport him from a federal facility in Georgia to appear before the Utah state court for the auto theft charge. (ECF NO. 24-5.) Mr. Donaldson was transported from Georgia to Utah near November ...


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