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Sabey v. Crowther

United States District Court, D. Utah

July 31, 2017

CODY J. SABEY, Petitioner,
v.
SCOTT CROWTHER, Respondents.

          MEMORANDUM DECISION & ORDER TO AMEND DEFICIENT PETITION

          Clark Waddoups United States District Court Judge

         Petitioner, Cody J. Sabey, a Utah State Prison inmate, filed a pro se habeas-corpus petition. See 28 U.S.C.S. § 2241 (2017). Reviewing the Petition, the Court concludes that it must be amended to cure the below deficiencies if Petitioner wishes to further pursue his claims.

         Deficiencies in Petition

         Petition:

         (a) is not on a Court-approved form.

         (b) has possibly been supplemented by numerous other potential claims in a variety of other documents filed in this case by Petitioner.

         (c) has claims appearing to be based on the illegality of Petitioner's current confinement; however, the petition was apparently not submitted using the legal help Petitioner is entitled to by his institution under the Constitution--e.g., by contract attorneys. See Lewis v. Casey, 518 U.S. 343, 356 (1996) (requiring prisoners be given "'adequate law libraries or adequate assistance from persons trained in the law' . . . to ensure that inmates . . . have a reasonably adequate opportunity to file nonfrivolous legal claims challenging their convictions or conditions of confinement") (quoting Bounds v. Smith, 430 U.S. 817, 828 (1977) (emphasis added)).

         Instructions to Petitioner

         Under Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure an initial pleading is required to contain "(1) a short and plain statement of the grounds upon which the court's jurisdiction depends, . . . (2) a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief, and (3) a demand for judgment for the relief the pleader seeks." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a). The requirements of Rule 8(a) are intended to guarantee "that [respondents] enjoy fair notice of what the claims against them are and the grounds upon which they rest." TV Commc'ns Network, Inc. v. ESPN, Inc., 767 F.Supp. 1062, 1069 (D. Colo. 1991), aff'd, 964 F.2d 1022 (10th Cir. 1992).

         Pro se litigants are not excused from compliance with the minimal pleading requirements of Rule 8. "This is so because a pro se [litigant] requires no special legal training to recount the facts surrounding his alleged injury, and he must provide such facts if the court is to determine whether he makes out a claim on which relief can be granted." Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1009 (10th Cir. 1991). Moreover, "it is not the proper function of the Court to assume the role of advocate for a pro se litigant." Id. at 1110. Thus, the Court cannot "supply additional facts, [or] construct a legal theory for [petitioner] that assumes facts that have not been pleaded." Dunn v. White, 880 F.2d 1188, 1197 (10th Cir. 1989).

         Petitioner should consider the following general points before refiling his petition. First, the revised petition must stand entirely on its own and shall not refer to, or incorporate by reference, any portion of the original petition or any other documents previously filed by Petitioner. See Murray v. Archambo, 132 F.3d 609, 612 (10th Cir. 1998) (amendment supersedes original). Second, the petitioner must clearly state whom his custodian is and name that person (a warden or ultimate supervisor of an imprisonment facility) as the respondent. See R. 2, Rs. Governing § 2254 Cases in the U.S. Dist. Courts. Third, Petitioner may generally not bring civil-rights claims as to the conditions of his confinement in a habeas-corpus petition. Fourth, any claims about Petitioner's underlying conviction and/or sentencing should be brought under 28 U.S.C.S. § 2254 (2017); any claims about the execution of Petitioner's sentence should be brought under id. § 2241. Fifth, Petitioner should seek help to prepare initial pleadings from legal resources (e.g., contract attorneys) available where he is held.

         • Utah's Indeterminate Sentencing Scheme

         Petitioner possibly attacks the constitutionality of Utah's indeterminate-sentencing scheme. The same types of challenges have been soundly rejected by the Tenth Circuit in the past. See Straley v. Utah Bd. of Pardons, 582 F.3d 1208 (10th Cir. 2009), cert. denied, 130 S.Ct. 1737 (2010). The Court may deny any relief on the basis of this possible § 2254 claim.

         Petitioner's more specific challenges to the BOP's authority to determine his actual term of imprisonment within his sentence of one-to-fifteen years may be based on Booker, Blakely, and Apprendi. United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005); Blakely v. Washington, 542 U.S. 296 (2004); Apprendi v. New Jersey, 530 U.S. 466 (2000). He again may be arguing that Utah's indeterminate sentencing scheme, under which the trial judge ...


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